Romanian - Istro-Romanian - Šušnjevica
Name, Place and Date
- Dialect: Romanian - Istro-Romanian - Šušnjevica
- Linguistic Classification: Romanian - Istro-Romanian
- Town: Šušnjevica / Valdarsa
- Region: Istria
- Country: Croatia
- Latitude/Longitude: 45°10'00"N 14°08'00"E
- Linguistic Date: late 19th / early 20th century
Puşcariu, Sextil (1926),
Studii istroromâne.Vol II.
Bucureşti: Cultura naţională.
Pușcariu (1926) remains the most comprehensive description of the Istro-Romanian verb, based on the testimony of his friend Luigi (Alois) Belulovici, a native of Šušnjevica.
We give a full set of forms for the present subjunctive even though in Istro-Romanian the relevant forms are always identical to those of the present indicative, with the sole exception of the reflex of ESSE/FIERI 'to be'.
We have not presented here an important distinctive characteristic of the Istro-Romanian verb, namely the fact that it possesses a fully fledged system of aspect distinctions (principally imperfective vs perfective) modelled on that of Croatian. For this see, in particular, Hurren (1968), Kovačec (1971:123-30). The distinction is sometimes marked by lexically suppletive forms, sometimes by addition of an affix to the imperfective as a way of forming the perfective, sometimes by membership of distinct conjugational classes.