Italian - Southern I - Lucano - Central - Calvello

Name, Place and Date

  • Dialect: Italian - Southern I - Lucano - Central - Calvello
  • Linguistic Classification: Italian - Southern I - Lucano - Central
  • Town: Calvello
  • Region: Basilicata
  • Country: Italy
  • Latitude/Longitude: 40°29'0"N 15°51'0"E
  • Linguistic Date: mid to late 20th century


Gioscio, Joseph (1985),
Il dialetto lucano di Calvello.
Stuttgart: Steiner.


  • Imperative.

    The source does not make explicit how the 1PL imperative is formed. It is probably identical with the 1PL present indicative (cf. Rohlfs 1968:354).

  • First person singular present indicative.

    The source alludes to a considerable number of verbs which display a velar (/k/, or /g/ after a nasal) in this cell. The full paradigms for the relevant verbs are not, however, indicated. The examples given are ˈʃengə (DESCENDERE 'go down') vs 3sg.prs.ind ˈʃennə; ˈmengə (MINARI 'beat') vs 3sg.prs.ind ˈmenə; ˈvekə (UIDERE 'see') vs 3sg.prs.ind ˈverə;ˈvɛngə (UENIRE 'come') vs 3sg.prs.ind vɛnə).

  • Continuant of Romance pluperfect indicative.

    This is generally absent, but the source alludes to its persistence in parts, at least, of a handful of verbs, among them HABERE, POSSE, STARE, UELLE. In the case of HABERE, the relevant forms are apparently only found when the verb is used as a future auxiliary.

  • Romance conditional.

    The source indicates a remnant of such forms in the continuant of UELLE.

  • Past participle

    The source alludes to a number of root-stressed past participles, without giving the full paradigm for the relevant verbs. Virtually all of these have alternative 'regular' past participles in -ˈutə. The examples given are apˈpisə (APPENDERE 'hang') or appəˈnutə;ˈpɛrsə (PERDERE 'lose') or pəˈrdutə; ˈʃisə (DECENDERE 'go down') or ʃənˈnutə; ˈskusə (ABSCONDERE 'hide') or skunˈnutə; aˈpjertə (APERIRE 'hide') or aprˈutə; ˈlɛttə (LEGERE 'read') or lədˈʤutə; ˈspində (EX + PINGERE 'push') or spənˈʤutə; ˈcwoppətə (PLUERE 'rain') or cuˈvutə; ˈvippətə (BIBERE 'drink') or vəˈvutə). The following appear to lack alternatives in -ˈutə: ˈkwɔttə (COQUERE 'cook'); ˈfrittə (FRIGERE 'fry'); ˈstruttə (STRUERE 'use up');ˈruttə (RUMPERE 'break'); cusə (CLAUDERE 'close').